Occupational health and safety addresses all the risk factors of working environments namely physical, chemical, biological, psychological and ergonomical risks. Leka described Occupational health and safety is a multidisciplinary concept touching on issues relating to subjects such as medicine, law, technology, economics and psychology. Taking into consideration such multidisciplinary subject, seems to be the main reason for different attitudes of governments, employers, workersâ unions and other parties involved in workplace health and safety. Unfortunately considering the multiplicity of disciplines considered in it has been treated as a throw-away subject with all the other disciplines. Thus not only do the various disciplines focus on aspects of the concept but they also make reference to it only during critical situations. For instance, the law discipline makes reference to the concept only when employers are to pay compensations for health and safety failures. In international level, ILO promotes OHSMS and since 1920s, several Conventions, Recommendations and other forms of guidance addressing safety and health in ports have been adopted, the most recent one being a comprehensive code of practice on the subject aimed at protecting people, properties and the environment. While protecting and promoting the health of workers, primary prevention and management of risks for occupational and work-related diseases and injuries are considered as some of the objectives of the WHO Global Strategy on Occupational Health for All.
Last date updated on June, 2014