The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO), all international agencies that oversee the optimization of health and living conditions of the people, in their reports reveal that both occupational diseases and accidents at work are increasing day by day. As for the World Day for Safety and Health at Work (April 20th), the ILO reported that every 15 seconds a worker dies, either because of an accident or a work-related disease. The occurrence probability of an occupational accident or disease depends on the alteration in the triad known as: agent, mean and worker. i.e., if working conditions are not right and additionally the actions performed by the worker (unsafe acts); the consequences will result in any disruption in the workerâs health. For some time, the literature focuses more towards the first two and not so much to the human factor, that is, to errors, negligence or other personal factors that make a disturbance in workerÂ´s health. In this reference, Reyes-MartÃnez et al. report that both human errors as individual factors, unsafe conditions and specific organizational factors are causes that lead the employee to suffer a work related accident. The social support and social support networks are an important part in the buffering of the demonstrations in health and welfare of all human beings due to various occupational risk factors to which the worker is exposed.
Work and Health-Disease In MÃ©xico: Brief Summary
Carolina Aranda Beltran
Last date updated on June, 2014