|The study of the characteristics and uses of the various materials, such as metals, ceramics, and plastics used in science and technology and that are incorporated with the elements of physics and chemistry, and is at the forefront of nano science and nanotechnology research. The scientists of material chemistry must study how the atoms, ions and molecules arranged and bonded to each other. It represents one of the major growth sectors in pure and applied chemistry and accounts for a significant fraction of all publications in the chemical sciences. Chemistry began, and largely continues today, to be inextricably associated with preparing, processing, and utilizing materials, both natural and synthetic. The simple synthesizing of a new chemical substance in nano- or macroscopic form is not materials chemistry its just chemical synthesis. It is considered to be material chemistry, an element of application, function, or design needs to be present.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
OMICS Group is a scientific organization and online publishing house that drives the progress of research through freely available open access journals and international conferences. With 700+ peer-reviewed journals in its list and many expert reviewers and scientists in its editorial board OMICS Group is among the best open access publishers of the world. Also, OMICS Group organizes more than 3000+ International Scientific Conferences annually and provides eBooks, and additional services such as ScholarsCentral. OMICS Group has got support of more than 1000+ Scientific associations, 50,000+ editorial board members and 15 million readers.