|The aetiology of ECC involves the communication between pathogenic organisms, fermentable carbohydrate substrate, host susceptibility, and time. With sufficient time, the cariogenic microorganisms in the presence of fermentable carbohydrates, such as sucrose, can induce demineralization of tooth substance, which can progress to loss of tooth structure or cavitation.
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Innovations are the application of better solutions that meet new requirements, inarticulated needs or existing market needs. It is proficient through more effective products, processes, services, technologies, or new ideas that are readily available to markets, governments and society. Innovations are something original and novel, as a significant, new that breaks into the market or society.