|Determinations of morphology and quantity of bone are important for preoperative planning of implant placement in the mandible. Generally, the cortical bone thickness is important for achieving implant stability. To accomplish a predictable clinical outcome, implant stability is required for osseointegration. In addition, the thickness of the cortical bone has a larger effect on the initial stabilization than the length of the implant fixture. Earlier studies reported that the cancellous and cortical bone thickness is the key to successful implantation.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results.
Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.