|Osteomyelitis is a bone infection. It is caused due to microorganisms that infect the bone and the microorganisms can spread to the bone through the blood stream or infection from the nearby tissue. It a rare condition but it can become serious because it can spread to other parts of the body via bloodstream. In children osteomyelitis generally infect longer bones of the legs and upper arm. The infection can also occur because of some bone surgery in which the metal rods are introduced in the bones.
The persons with weak immune system are at higher risk of developing osteomyelitis because the microorganisms can easily gain entry in the blood stream and infect the bones. The symptoms of osteomyelitis include fever, pain, rashes or redness and swelling in the area of infection. Various diagnostic methods are there for the diagnosis of osteomyelitis like bone scan, bone x-ray and MRI of the bone. There are various treatments for the osteomyelitis like antibiotics that kill the infection causing microorganism or if the infection is severe then the dead bone is removed so that it will not infect the surrounding tissues.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results.
Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.