The lifetime risk for osteoporotic fractures is reported to be 40%- 50% for females and 12%-22% for males. Thus, females are a good target audience for counter measures against osteoporosis and osteoporosis-related fractures. Lifestyle, including physical activity and nutritional management, throughout life plays an important role in the maintenance of bone health. Strategies for preventing osteoporosis and osteoporosis-related fractures through physical activity in females include: Maximizing peak bone mass in children, adolescents, and premenopausal women, Preventing bone loss and vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women, Preventing falls and hip fractures in older women.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Last date updated on September, 2014