Stigma is defined as social devaluation or discrediting of an individual as abnormal, and has been identified as an important construct in the outcome of many chronic health conditions such as mental illness epilepsy, inflammatory bowel disease and HIV infection.
The nature of chronic pain as a lifelong, concealable illness, indiscriminate of age or gender that is associated with a significant burden in terms of both symptoms and treatments places individuals at risk for stigmatization. Clinical outcome in chronic pain patients is often objectively measured by changes such as symptoms, frequency of socialization, and employment as well in terms of more internally experienced and subjectively measured domains such as perceived quality of life and sense of purpose in life. Self-esteem and the factors associated with chronic pain and stigmatization have not being examined to date.
Dominic Hegarty, Prevalence of Stigmatization and Poor Self-esteem in Chronic Pain Patients
Science literatures have evolved from time to time in terms of specialization and target audience. Reports of new research findings are important to fuel novel assumptions and discoveries that can only be in existence through the publication of scientific Science journals. Although some Science Journals are multidisciplinary, most journals are highly specialized and they publish articles related to specific scientific fields. In an attempt to maintain quality and ensure validity of the research being published, Science Journals subject the articles through a rigorous peer-review process, honoring copyrights. Science Journals may include various types of articles such as, letters, short communications, review articles, research articles, case reports, editorials, and other supplementary articles. The rules and guidelines of article writing as well as formatting may vary with the type of the journal and the publisher.
Last date updated on January, 2021