|End of life care is about the total care of a person with an advanced incurable illness and does not just equate with dying. The end of life care phase may last for weeks, months or years. End of life care helps those with advanced, progressive, incurable illness to live as well as possible until they die. End of life care enables the supportive and palliative care needs of both patient and family to be identified and met throughout the last phase of life and into bereavement. End of life care includes the management of pain and other symptoms and the provision of psychological, social, spiritual and practical support. when the personâs condition deteriorates and active treatment does not control the disease then end of life care comes into the picture. Here progressive deterioration and death is anticipated and the emphasis of care moves from active treatment of the disease to treatment to give comfort and control symptoms such as pain. Sometimes treatment that is usually used to actively treat disease may be used to help with symptom control. An example is radiotherapy which is often used to treat certain types of cancer (active treatment of the disease) being used to help with pain control (palliative treatment to control pain).
The impact factor of journal provides quantitative assessment tool for grading, evaluating, sorting and comparing journals of similar kind. It reflects the average number of citations to recent articles published in science and social science journals in a particular year or period, and is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field. It is first devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information. The impact factor of a journal is evaluated by dividing the number of current year citations to the source items published in that journal during the previous two years..