Hemoptysis is coughing up blood from the respiratory tract. Blood come from the respiratory tract such as nose, mouth, throat, the airway passages leading to the lungs, or the lungs. The word "hemoptysis" derived from the Greek "haima," meaning "blood," and "ptysis," which means "a spitting". Massive hemoptysis is production of â¥ 600 mL of blood within 24 h.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on September, 2014