Subcutaneous emphysema occurs when air gets into tissues under the skin. This usually occurs in the skin covering the chest wall or neck, but can also occur in other parts of the body. Subcutaneous emphysema is characterized by painless swelling of the tissues because of air tracking along tissue planes. It is commonly seen over the chest wall around drain sites, in the head and neck. Palpation elicits a characteristic tissue paper feeling beneath the fingers. Air may track deeper into the mediastinum, retroperitoneum, scrotum, and down into the limbs. It is rarely a problem clinically but may herald the presence of a pneumothorax or other visceral damage.
Scholarly journal is a peer-reviewed journal in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published. Scholarly journals serve as forums for the introduction and presentation for scrutiny of new research, and the critique of existing research. Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews. The term Scholarly journal applies to scholarly publications in all fields; this article discusses the aspects common to all academic field journals.
Last date updated on September, 2014