alexa A Liquid Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry Method for
e-ISSN:2320-1215 p-ISSN: 2322-0112

Research & Reviews in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
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Research Article

A Liquid Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry Method for the Determination of Alpha-Ketoglutaric Acid in Human Plasma.

Gundoju Suresh*, PE Thirugnanam and Atmakuru Ramesh.

Department of Analytical Chemistry, International Institute of Bio-technology and Toxicology (IIBAT), Padappai, Chennai 601 301, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Corresponding Author:
Gundoju Suresh
Department of Analytical Chemistry
International Institute of Bio-technology and Toxicology (IIBAT)
Padappai, Chennai 601 301, Tamil Nadu, India.

Received: 25 November 2013 Accepted: 30 December 2014



Alpha-ketoglutaric acid (A-KG) is currently under investigation as promising cancer cell damaging agent and cyanide antidote. A simple, specific liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the quantitative determination of A-KG in human plasma. Derivatization of A-KG was achieved by using N-methyl imidazole in presence of trifluroacetic anhydrate. Several parameters, which affected the yield of the derivatization reaction, such as reaction temperature and time were optimized. An imidazole derivative of A-KG was extracted using methyl tertiary butyl ether and quantified in positive electron spry ionization mode (mass-to-charge ratio (m/z):197). The method was fully validated using the parameters such as specificity, linearity, limit of detection and quantification, precision, accuracy, recovery, robustness and ruggedness. Linearity was demonstrated over the concentration rage of 100-2500 ng mL-1 with a correlation coefficient (R2) 0.9991. The limit of detection and quantification were found to be 40 and 100 ng mL-1 respectively. Intra- and inter-day accuracy and precision were within the acceptable limit (<8%).The robustness and ruggedness was evaluated using Plackett-Burman experimental design.


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