A Review on Cleome viscosa: An endogenous Herb of Uttarakhand
Herbal medicine is the oldest form of health care system known to mankind. Herbs had been used by all cultures throughout history. Herbs are the potential source of chemical constituents which have high therapeutic value. Herbal medicines are now in great demand in the developing world for primary health care not because they are inexpensive but also for better cultural acceptability, better compatibility with the human body and minimal side effects. It is estimated, that approximately one quarter of prescribed drugs contain plant extracts or active ingredients obtained from the plant substances. This review summarizes the research carried out on the plant Cleome viscosa. Cleome viscosa which belongs to family cappardaceae is an annual herb, commonly known as wild or dog mustard. In all over the world in different countries this drug is used to treat many diseases in their traditional system and it is also used for its remarkable nutritional, antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. In India alone it is used as a traditional healer for many diseases e.g. epilepsy, irritable bowel syndrome and in protozoal and worm infections. Cleome is not only a weed but an important medicinal herb and this present review deals with chemical and pharmacological aspects of this medicinal herb and it provides supportive evidence about the therapeutic effects.