An Ethnobotanical Study of Plains of Yamuna Nagar District, Haryana, India
Department of Botany, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra-136119, Haryana, India
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Yamuna Nagar district of Haryana is very less explored for ethnobotanical studies. Therefore many survey of Yamuna Nagar district have been conducted for the documentation of ethnobotanical data and exploration of floristic diversity during the year 2011-2012.Field surveys were carried out throughout the district to collect etnobotanical data (traditional use of plants, local name, plant parts used, medicinal value). Over all 73 species of flowering plants were collected during the field survey, out of which 46 species of ethnobotanical value belonging to 42 genera and 26 families have been recorded. Among all families,Leguminosae and Solanaceae are the more dominant. Most commonly used plant parts are leaves 30.43%, whole plants 26.08%, fruits 13.04%, bark 17.39%, seed 21.73%, roots 10.86%, flowers 8.70% and others 10.86%. They are used by the rural peoples for the treatment of various disease like diarrhoea, dysentery, male and female sexual diseases, cardiovascular diseases, headache, asthma, toothache, acne, diabetes, gonorrhoea, skin disease, kidney stone, hyperthyroidism, piles, cancer.