Assessment of the Ecological Distribution, Species Diversity and Abundance of Medicinal Plants in Central Kajiado, Kajiado County, Kenya
- Corresponding Author:
- Najma Dharani
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: March 14, 2016; Accepted date: May 13, 2016; Published date: May 20, 2016
The study was conducted with the aim of assessing the composition, distribution, abundance and the community structure of local medicinal plants in Kenya Marble Quarry (KMQ), Mile 46 and Oltepesi at Central Kajiado, Kenya. Relative abundances of species in the three research sites were highest for Balanites aegyptiaca (36.92%) in KMQ, Commiphora africana (28.41%) and Balanites aegypitaca (27.27%) followed by Acacia drepanolobium (21.6%) in Mile 46, while in Oltepesi, Balanites aegyptiaca (39.4%) was the dominant species. This indicated that the area was dominated by only few medicinal plant species even if no significant differences were observed statistically between the sites in the relative abundance of the species (df =2, P= 0.069, α =0.05). At Mile 46 and KMQ all the species had a contagious distribution while in Oltepesi, one species Albizia anthelmintica showed a regular distribution. In Oltepesi area, lower species diversity and evenness were recorded as compared to the other areas, namely Mile 46 and Kenya Marble Quarry (KMQ) though no significant differences (df = 2, P=0. 259, α = 0.05 ) were noted between the sites. The species diversity of the species in the area was homogenous type of plant species.