Bioactive Compounds Investigated from Cardiospermum canescens Wall. (Sapindaceae) by Liquid Chromatography and Mass Spectroscopy
Cardiospermum canescens is commonly consumed leafy vegetable of high therapeutic value in Indian system of medicine. This plant provides clinical benefit for rheumatism, chronic bronchitis, stiffness of limbs and snake bite. It is one of the unexplored medicinal plant obtained in southern Tamilnadu. The methanolic cold extraction of whole plant of C. canescens, was analyzed by the LC-MS technique. This analysis revealed the presence of various phytoconstituents in the plant sample. They are both primary as well as secondary phytocompounds. The volatile as well as non-volatile compounds were elucidated from this technique. The successive elution was performed and the potential bio-availabilities of thirty compounds like alkaloids, indole alkaloids, flavonoids, phytosterols, terpenoids, phenolic compounds and glycosides were identified. Out of these Confertin, evodin, biapigenin, rutin, citronellol, copalliferol B and myricoside important compounds were confirmed in the LC-MS study. The pharmacological activities of these identified compounds were also discussed.