alexa Biology, pretreatment and genetic development of Miscan
ISSN: 2320-0189

Research & Reviews: Journal of Botanical Sciences
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Research Article

Biology, pretreatment and genetic development of Miscanthus sinensis, a biomass crop with great potential in China

Jiangyan Yu1,2, Jing Zhang3, Miao He3 Chunjie Fu1, Eviatar Nevo4, Junhua Peng1,5*

1LifeScience and Technology Center, China National Seed Group Co. Ltd., Wuhan, Hubei 430206, China

2Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China

3Department of Landscape Architecture, Northeast Forestry University, 26 Hexing Road, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150000, China

4Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel

5Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80526-1170, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Junhua Peng
Life Science and Technology Center, China National Seed Group Co. Ltd., Wuhan, Hubei 430206, China
Tel: 0086-15927184078
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: 25/03/2015; Accepted date: 21/04/2015; Published date: 22/04/2015

 

Abstract

Climate changes and energy crisis accelerate the exploration on traditional energy production and new alternative energy sources. Biofuels are important because they could replace petroleum fuels. With high yield production, wide distribution and dramatically high tolerance to biotic and abiotic stress, Miscanthus sinensis was considered as one of the most potential energy plants in China. As a relatively new biomass plant, its background knowledge in physiological, pretreatment and genetic investigation is scarce. This review aimed at physiological and characteristics description, as well as pretreatment for ethanol production and genetic improvement of M. sinensis. The achievements of genomic and epigenomic research programs in other plants are of great help to better understand the nature of this promising biomass crop species in China. Meanwhile further researches on deconstruction enzymes, genetics and breeding would accelerate the application of M. sinensis, with higher yield, better quality, and wider adaption.

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