Conversion of Solid Waste into Bio Fertilizer by Vermicompostinga Case Study of Padmanadapuram
Solid waste is one of the major environmental harms of Indian super cities. Nowadays most of the landfills are covered by solid waste because of this it is very difficult to set up new sites so we are in the need of managing solid waste .Solid waste management (SWM) is the effective process for managing solid wastes. Solid waste can be managed by the methods that are Incineration,composting,gasfification,refuse derived fuel(RDF).By using incineration we can convert the wastes into energy and the waste can also be modified into storable RDF.SWM comprises actions related with generation, storage, collection, carrying, handling and clearance of solid wastes. Useless administration of solid waste is hazardous to human beings and it also a foundation for a severe environmental harms. In this paper we have taken solid waste management regarding Padmanadapuram municipality (PM), Tamilnadu, India and we converted the solid waste into fertilizer by ecological method Vermicomposting. Household surveys are done in four divisions of PM and annual waste from the municipality is calculated.Waste from the municipality undergoes pulverization technique then the grinded solid wastes are arranged as a bed .we just fed up the bed with vermiÃ¢ÂÂs that converts the bed into vermicompost. The gained vermi compost is sent to standard lab for assessing the major nutrients i.e., Potassium(K), Phosphorous (P) Nitrogen (N). By using this vermicomposting technique we can produce compost of 0.8 ton from 2 tons of degradable waste. In our study we conclude that PM can produce 9.36 lakhs per annum using this vermicomposting method. This is a noteworthy turnover for providing better facilities to public.