Special Issue Article
Â“Experimental Investigation of the Suitability of Orange Peel Oil as a Blend with Cotton Seed Oil as Alternate Fuel for Diesel Engines: A ReviewÂ”
|Miss. J.M.Phate, Prof. A.V.Kulkarni
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As a renewable, sustainable and alternative fuel for compression ignition engines, biodiesel instead ofdiesel has been increasingly fueled to study its effects on engine performances and emissions in therecent 10 years. But these studies have been rarely reviewed to favor understanding and popularizationfor biodiesel so far. In this work, reports about biodiesel engine performances and emissions, published byhighly rated journals in scientific indexes, were cited preferentially since 2000 year. From these reports,the effect of biodiesel on engine power, economy, durability and emissions including regulated andnon-regulated emissions, and the corresponding effect factors are surveyed and analyzed in detail. Theuse of biodiesel leads to the substantial reduction in PM, HC and CO emissions accompanying with theimperceptible power loss, the increase in fuel consumption and the increase in NOx emission on conventionaldiesel engines with no or fewer modification. And it favors to reduce carbon deposit and wear ofthe key engine parts. Therefore, the blends of biodiesel with small content in place of petroleum dieselcan help in controlling air pollution and easing the pressure on scarce resources without significantlysacrificing engine power and economy. However, many further researches about optimization and modificationon engine, low temperature performances of engine, new instrumentation and methodology formeasurements, etc., should be performed when petroleum diesel is substituted completely by biodiesel.