alexa Friction Stir Welding of DH36 Steel and Segregation of Mn, Si, Al, and Oxygen
ISSN: 2169-0022

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering
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Research Article

Friction Stir Welding of DH36 Steel and Segregation of Mn, Si, Al, and Oxygen

Al-Moussawi M1*, Smith AJ1 and Faraji M2

1Sheffield Hallam University, MERI, S1 1WB, Sheffield, UK

2Coventry University, School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Automotive Engineering, Coventry, UK

*Corresponding Author:
Al-Moussawi M
Sheffield Hallam University, MERI, S1 1WB
Sheffield, UK
Tel: 0114 225 3500
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 12, 2017; Accepted Date: April 24, 2017; Published Date: May 04, 2017

Citation: Al-Moussawi M, Smith AJ, Faraji M (2017) Friction Stir Welding of DH36 Steel and Segregation of Mn, Si, Al, and Oxygen. J Material Sci Eng 6: 336. doi: 10.4172/2169-0022.1000336

Copyright: © 2017 Al-Moussawi M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



This work investigates the role of welding speed in elemental segregation of Mn, Si, Al, and oxygen during Friction Stir Welding (FSW) in DH36 steel. The experimental work undertaken showed that when the speed of the FSW process exceeds 500 RPM with a traverse speed of 400 mm/min then elemental segregation of Mn, Si, Al and O occurred. The mechanism of this segregation is not fully understood; additionally the presence of oxygen within these segregated elements needs investigation. This work examines the elemental segregation within DH36 steel by conducting heat treatment experiments on un-welded samples incrementally in the range of 1200-1500°C and at cooling rates similar to that in FSW process. The results of heat treatments were compared with samples welded under two extremes of weld tool speeds namely W1 low tool speeds (200 RPM with traverse speed of 100 mm/min) and W2 high tool speeds (550 RPM with traverse speed of 400 mm/min). The results from the heat treatment trials showed that segregation commences when the temperature exceeds 1400°C and Mn, Si, Al and oxygen segregation progress occurs at 1450°C and at a cooling rate associated with acicular ferrite formation. It was also found that high rotational speeds exceeding 500 RPM caused localised melting at the advancing-trailing side of the friction stir welded samples. The study aims to estimate peak temperature limits at which elemental segregation does not occur and hence prevent their occurrence in practice by applying the findings to the tool’s rotational and traverse speed that correspond to the defined temperature.


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