Investigation of Dog Bites Victims in Kebribeyah District: Ethiopian Somali Region, Eastern Ethiopia, December 2013Yusuf Mohammed*
Ethiopian Somali Regional Health Bureau, Public Health Emergency management, Ethiopia.
- *Corresponding Author:
- Yusuf Mohammed
Ethiopian Somali Regional Health Bureau
Public Health Emergency management, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: 22/04/2016; Accepted Date: 10/06/2016; Published Date: 17/06/2016
Introduction: Dogs bite are the most important public health concern in Ethiopia, following the report of dog bites from Kebribeyah District of Region, investigation was conducted to verify the existence of the dog bite and conducting public health intervention. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted between 20- 22/11/2013 in the town and surrounding areas. Line list was developed from registration book. Questionnaire was developed & used to elicit the required information. Epi Info 3.5.3 software & Microsoft Excel 2007 did analysis & entry. Result: Starting from 01/11/2013 to 30/11/2013, total of 16 animal bites reported from kebribeyah. Both sexes were equally bitten eight (50%) each. Majority of the victims 10 (62.5%) were in the age group of one -20 years. Most of the victims exposures 14 (87.5%) were WHO Classification of category III, whereas 2 (12.5%) victims were category I. common site of bite was the leg 8 (50%) victims. About eight (50%) of the victims has been reported within 24 h of the bite. Majority of the victims 13 (81.3%) were Unprovoked bites. All bites were due to stray dogs. About 14 (87.5%) of the cases received post exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Health professionals working at health center do not have exposure on administration of PEP. There is no coordination between the animal health and public health services. Wound management, active case searching & referring cases to Karamara hospitals for PEP, were among interventional activity conducted. Conclusion: There were dog bites in Kebribeyah Woredas of Somali Region. Keeping sanitation of abattoir (fencing), on job training on administration of PEP and Inter sectoral collaboration both veterinary and public health staff (one health approach) is recommended.