Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment: Perspectives and Issues with Flying Wind Technologies
In the last decade, conflicts over the installation of classic wind-farm technology have created challenges for visual impact assessment in landscape architecture. Concerns regarding landscape aesthetics have been raised in advanced societies. Among these concerns, high-altitude wind power technology aims to not only sweep much higher zones and benefit from greater wind speeds but also to solve the negative visual impacts on landscape. Several research groups and industrial institutions around the world have been developing a new class of airborne wind energy technologies, including the usage of flexible power kites and balloons. This study examines a number of the issues surrounding landscape assessment of wind farms, particularly in light of the emphasis on flying concepts, and their potential effects on visual landscapes.