Special Issue Article
Load Frequency Control of Multi-Area Power Systems Using PI, PID, and Fuzzy Logic Controlling Techniques
|J .Syamala, I.E.S. Naidu
Department of Electrical and Electronics, GITAM University, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam, India
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Automatic Generation Control (AGC) or Load Frequency Control is a very important issue in power system operation and control for supplying sufficient and reliable electric power with good quality. AGC is a feedback control system adjusting a generator output power to remain defined frequency. One of the objectives of AGC is to maintain the system frequency at nominal value In the steady state operation of power system .An extended power system can be divided into a number of load frequency control areas interconnected by means of tie lines. Without loss of generality one can consider a three- area case connected by tie line. Here we are considering system, which is integration of two thermal power systems with hydro power system. That is area-1 and area-2 consists of thermal reheat power plant whereas area-3 consists of hydro power plant. The performance analysis of load frequency control for multi area inter connected system will be done in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. As integration of multi area effects performance of system study of different characteristics using controllers like conventional PI ,PID, artificial intelligence FUZZY LOGIC controlling techniques are necessary in order to determine the effective gains of controller in efficient manner. And this knowledge about dynamic response characteristics will give us idea of controlling techniques that we need to implement for obtaining required frequency response at tie line stations.