Special Issue Article
Moving Object Detection By Background Subtraction
Intelligent video surveillance systems deals with the monitoring of the real-time environment. It monitors the transient and persistent objects within a specific environment. This is not only designed for security systems and can also be applied for external environmental video surveillance. The basic background subtraction algorithm is used for the detection of moving object. A self-adapting, automatic updating background model is trained to adapt the slow and slight changes of the environment. The foreground object is detected when the subtraction of the current image and the background, which is already trained attains a threshold, the foreground moving object is considered as to be in current view. The mobile phone automatically notifies the control unit through SMS(Short Message Service)or by phone call. Background subtraction technique basically works by feature analysis, pixel differences and so on. Here for feature analysis k-nearest neighbour algorithm (k-nn) is implemented. This proposed system requires little memory and less storage space than the previous. This can be used in implementing mobile based security monitoring system.