Special Issue Article
Particle Swarm Optimization Based MPPT for PV System under Partial Shading Conditions
|Selvapriyanka. P1, Vijayakumar. G2
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Developments in global policies have seen the push for greater use of renewable energy sources. Particle Swarm Optimization based Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) algorithm for solar panel is proposed. The solar panel is modeled and analyzed in MATLAB/SIMULINK. The Solar panel can produce maximum power at a particular operating point called Maximum Power Point (MPP).To produce maximum power and to get maximum efficiency, the entire photovoltaic panel must operate at this particular point. This proposed method has the ability to track the MPP for the extreme environmental condition, e.g., large fluctuations of insolation and partial shading condition. The algorithm is simple and can be computed very rapidly. To optimize the utilization of large arrays of photovoltaic modules, maximum power point tracker (MPPT) is normally employed in conjunction with the power converter (dc–dc converter and/or inverter). However, due to the varying environmental condition, namely temperature and solar insolation, the power– voltage characteristic curve exhibits a maximum power point (MPP) that varies nonlinearly with these conditions—thus posing a challenge for the tracking algorithm.