alexa Pediatric HIV Infection in Togo: Situation of Child Car
ISSN 2155-6113

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Pediatric HIV Infection in Togo: Situation of Child Care in the Central Region from 2008 to 2015

Foli Agbeko*, Tete Guedehoussou, Elom O Takassi, Mawouto Fiawoo, Rene Segbedji KA, Ouro-Bagna Tchagbele, Mikfarou T Kpegouni, K Bernard Tongon, Koffi E Djadou, K Deladem Azoumah and A Diparide Agbere

University of Lome, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, Togo

*Corresponding Author:
Foli Agbeko
Senior Assistant, University of Lome
Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Lome, Lome Commune, Togo
Tel: 0022898563000
Fax: 0022825500274
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 09, 2016; Accepted date: May 22, 2017; Published date: May 29, 2017

Citation: Agbeko F, Guedehoussou T, Takassi EO, Fiawoo M, Segbedji RKA, et al. (2017) Pediatric HIV Infection in Togo: Situation of Child Care in the Central Region from 2008 to 2015. J AIDS Clin Res 8:698. doi: 10.4172/2155-6113.1000698

Copyright: © 2017 Agbeko F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

This piece of work covers thirteen (13) AIDS assistance programs sites over the period 1st Jan 2008 to 31st Dec 2015. The study is retrospective, descriptive and cross-sectional based on 292 clinical cases of HIV infected children aged between 0 and 14 years old. A regional committee was charged to validate antiretroviral treatment (ART) prescriptions on a weekly basis. We have also used data from the regional committee register. HIV infected children represent 5.1% of casework on ART. The average starting age for ART was 4.5 years (1-180 months) with a sex ratio (male/female) of 0.9. The clinical classifications according to WHO guidelines were: Stage III (52.3%) and Stage IV (20.3%). The most frequent opportunistic infections were: wasting (40.12%), digestive candida infection (29.0%), acute respiratory infections (22.8%) and skin diseases (17.9%). The HIV type 1 was detected on all of the children (100%). The average rate of CD4 at the beginning of the ART was 552.98 cells/mm3, leading to a severe immuno-suppression in many cases (44.8%). The initial ART was essentially Nevirapine+Lamivudine+Stavudine. HIV infections diagnosis are usually late in the Central Region of Togo and will therefore be improved by the UNAIDS 90-90-90 strategic plan by 2020, through various initiatives. These are: the Prevention of Mother to Child HIV Transmission (PMTCT), the Early Infection Diagnosis (EID) based on Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and the Provider Initiated Testing and Counseling (PITC).

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords