alexa Potential of Chitinases as a Biopesticide against Agric
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Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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Research Article

Potential of Chitinases as a Biopesticide against Agriculturally Harmful Fungi and Insects

Gursharan Singh*1, Aditya Bhalla2, Jasvinder Singh Bhatti3, Sanjeev Chandel4, Ashima Rajput4, Aftab Abdullah4, Waseem Andrabi4, Paramjit Kaur5

1Biotechnology Branch, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India

2South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City (SD) (USA)

3Department of Biotechnology & Bioinformatics, Sri Guru Gobind Singh College, Sector-26, Chandigarh, India

4School of Biotechnology and BioSciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India

5Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Guruangad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University Ludhiana, Punjab

*Corresponding Author:
Gursharan Singh
Biotechnology Branch, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
Tel: +91 - 8437464785

Received date: 15/11/2013; Accepted date: 31/12/2013

 

Abstract

Due to an increasing sensibility and pressure of public and environmental agencies against the application of chemical based pesticides and their long lasting adverse effects on ecosystems and human health, has motivated the search for non hazardous alternatives. The most trustworthy substitute of chemical pesticides is considered as biocontrol agents. These agents could be formulations of bacteria, fungi, viruses, plant extracts or antibiotics. Inhibition or killing of harmful pests by biocontrol agents is environmentally safe and without creating any soil pollution. In last two decades, chitinases have received the attention of researchers for their anti-insects and antifungal biocontrol activities. This review critically focused on the successful studies (inside and outside of laboratory) has been done for the evaluation of biocontrol potential of chitinases from different sources.

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