alexa Soliton Transmission in Fiber Optics for Long Distance
ISSN ONLINE(2278-8875) PRINT (2320-3765)

International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
Open Access

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Research Article

Soliton Transmission in Fiber Optics for Long Distance Communication

Mehul G.Patel1, S. B. Khant2
  1. PG Student [SP&C], Dept. of ECE, A.D.Patel Institute of Technology,V.U.Nagar,Gujarat, India
  2. Assistant professor, Dept. of ECE, A.D.Patel Institute of Technology, V.U.Nagar,Gujarat, India
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Abstract

Multiterabit/s, ultrahigh-speed optical transmissions over several thousands of kilometers on fibers are becoming reality. The group velocity dispersion (GVD) imposes severe limit on information carrying capacity of optical communication systems. By choosing appropriate pulse shape highly stable light pulses known as solitons are generated when effect of GVD is balanced by self-phase modulation (SPM). The application of solitons in communication systems opens the way to ultrahigh-speed information superhighways. Transmission speed of order of Tbit/s can be achieved if optical amplifiers are combined with WDM in soliton based communication systems. The simulation results for Soliton order N=1 and N=3 are obtained using OptSim Software.

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