"Petroleum has a wide range of applications in Agriculture, Plastics, Tires, Pharmaceuticals, Dyes, Detergents, and Other.
Ammonia is a source of nitrogen in agricultural fertilizers and petroleum is used in its production. Ammonia is produced by Haber process which works in two steps. To ensure healthy crop yields, pesticides are used in agriculture and pesticides are produced from oil. Petroleum based products are used from running farm machinery to fertilizing plants in agriculture. Plastics which include ethylene and propylene come from olefins (Alkenes). Alkenes are derivatives of petroleum. Nylon, Polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride plastics which are integral aspects of many manufactured products is the most successful petroleum-based plastic. Petroleum byproducts like Mineral oil and petrolatum are used in many creams and topical pharmaceuticals. Rubber is obtained from plants which is a natural elastomer and is used in making Tires. The need to produce synthetic rubber on a large scale resulted in embargos on natural rubber. Dyes, synthetic detergents, and fabrics contain Petroleum distillates such as benzene, toluene, and xylene. Lubricants that greases and adds viscosity are derivatives of petroleum. Paraffin wax is a solid derivable from petroleum that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules. Tar is used in preserving wooden vessels against rot, it is produced from petroleum. Asphalt/bitumen which has primary use in road construction is a derivative of petroleum.
Last date updated on August, 2020