Petroleum engineering is a field of engineering involved with the activities associated with the production of hydrocarbons, which might be either crude oil or natural gas. Exploration and Production are deemed to fall among the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry. Exploration, by earth scientists, and petroleum engineering are the oil and gas industry's 2 main subterranean disciplines, which focus on increasing economic recovery of hydrocarbons from subsurface reservoirs. petroleum geology and geophysics focus on provision of a static description of the hydrocarbon reservoir rock, whereas petroleum engineering focuses on estimation of the retrievable volume of this resource employing a careful understanding of the physical behavior of oil, water and gas within porous rock at terribly high pressure. The combined efforts of geologists and petroleum engineers throughout the lifetime of a hydrocarbon accumulation determine the method in which a reservoir is developed and depleted, and usually they need the very best impact on field economics. petroleum engineering needs an honest knowledge of the many different related disciplines, like geophysics, petroleum geology, formation evaluation (well logging), drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial lift systems, completions and oil and gas facilities engineering.
Last date updated on January, 2021