Pharmacokinetics is currently defined as the study of the time course of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion. Clinical pharmacokinetics is the application of pharmacokinetic principles to the safe and effective therapeutic management of drugs in an individual patient. Primary goals of clinical pharmacokinetics include enhancing efficacy and decreasing toxicity of a patientâs drug therapy. The development of strong correlations between drug concentrations and their pharmacologic responses has enabled clinicians to apply pharmacokinetic principles to actual patient situations. Of particular interest are changes in kinetic parameters with dose (dose-dependent kinetics) within the recommended clinical dosing range. When appropriate, other information may include influences of demographic characteristics like age sex and race, influence of certain diseases states, influence of external factors such as meals or other drugs (drug-drug pharmacokinetics), drug binding to biological constituents like plasma proteins and RBC, studies performed in special patientâs populations and studies performed under conditions of therapeutic use.
Scholarly journal is a peer-reviewed journal in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published. Scholarly journals serve as forums for the introduction and presentation for scrutiny of new research, and the critique of existing research. Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews. The term Scholarly journal applies to scholarly publications in all fields; this article discusses the aspects common to all academic field journals.
Last date updated on September, 2014