|pharmacy practice is the discipline of pharmacy which involves developing the professional roles of pharmacists. The practice of pharmacy that responds to the needs of the people who use the pharmacists services to provide optimal, evidence-based care. To support this practice it is essential that there be an established national framework of quality standards and guidelinespharmacy practice journals covers the topics in practicing pharmacists in-depth, useful reviews of new drugs, new therapies, pharmacokinetics, drug administration, and adverse drug reactions. open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. there are two parallel roads towards open access: open access articles and self-archiving. open access articles are immediately, freely available on their web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). the alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
open access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an open access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.