Cardiorespiratory exercise, as well as muscular strength and endurance exercise, have a positive impact on a personâs health. Many positive health benefits arise from moderate intensity exercise including decreased risk of heart disease, cancer, stroke, osteoporosis, and diabetes found in individuals who engage in regular physical activity. The cardiovascular system functions more effectively and the body is better suited to fight disease when it is physically fit. However, there is a point of diminishing returns for these benefits, where overtraining and high- intensity exercise may actually increase risk of traumatic injury, reduce health benefits, and impair immunity due to the extreme stress put on the body. Elitelevel athletes undergo training regimens that place them under chronic stress, increasing susceptibility to injuries and overtraining. This review article investigates the incidence of injuries in sport, and future risk of disease in former athletes. Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes are preventable diseases. Physical activity helps in preventing disease through weight control and improved functioning of the cardiovascular system. Elite athletes engage in high intensity exercise for many years. Moderate intensity activity is beneficial in many aspects of health, but there is a point (as activity increases) where health benefits may begin to decline. Exercise at very high intensity increases the risk for musculoskeletal injuries and overtraining.
Injury and Disease in Former Collegiate Athletes: Kelly Brooks
Last date updated on June, 2014