Multiple Sclerosis is a common and life-altering neurological disease among adults in the United States and worldwide. This disease has an estimated prevalence of 1 per 1,000 adults in the United States with the majority of cases occurring in women of European descent. The MS pathophysiology initially involves episodic periods of immune-mediated demyelination and transection of axons within the Central Nervous System. This results in the disruption of saltatory conduction of action potentials along myelinated axonal pathways in the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves. The MS pathophysiology later transitions into a neurodegenerative disease process, presumably associated with insufficient neurotrophic support, and results in the accumulation of irreversible neurologic disability. The degree and location of axonal and neuronal damage within the CNS result in the heterogeneous expression of symptomatic, functional, and participatory consequences among persons with MS. Such manifestations might be initiated or worsened by physical inactivity and resulting physiological deconditioning.
The Importance of Physical Fitness in Multiple Sclerosis: Robert W Motl, Lara A Pilutti and Brian M Sandroff
Last date updated on September, 2014