Pain is a multidimensional phenomenon and the primary objective of all assessment tools is to gather accurate, subjective and objective information relevant to the pain that the patient is experiencing. This information plays a vital role in the diagnostic process and the treatment given to the patient. Thus it is of paramount importance that these pain measures are valid and reliable. Measures of pain are predominately developed in Western countries. It was hypothesised that the POMS is a reliable and valid measure of mood in Setswana and Northern Sotho-speaking surgical patients undergoing laparotomy. And that the WBPQ is a reliable and valid measure of acute pain in both Setswana and Northern Sotho-speaking participants. The POMS and the WBPQ were translated into Setswana.
Last date updated on November, 2020