A number of new human parasites have urged the interest of scientific community in addition to many zoonotic potential parasites. Potential human parasites transmitted from wildlife domestic hosts are included Dirofilaria ursi, Dirofilaria subdermata, Dipetalonema species, Loa Loa, Thelazia callipaeda, Babesia duncani, Babesia venatorum, Babesia-liked organisms, Babesia divergens-liked organism, Leishmania braziliensis, Leishmania major, Plasmodium knowlesi, Plasmodium simium, Onchocerca gutturosa, Onchocerca cervicalis, Onchocerca jakutensis, Onchocerca dewittei japonica, Onchocerca lupi, Diphyllobothrium dendriticum, etc. Macaques (Macaca fascicularis) are believed to be the primary hosts of Plasmodium knowlesi was identified by PCR in 58% of human malaria cases in the Kapit division of Sarawak, Malaysia, between 2000 and November 2002. It is transmitted by the forest dwelling Anopheles latens, a mosquito species that feeds on both the monkey natural host as well as on humans. A single human malaria case of Plasmodium knowlesi, confirmed by PCR, has been reported from Thailand. Outbreaks of Chagas disease transmitted by accidental ingestion of Trypanosoma cruzi-contaminated guava, sugar cane or acaiâ² juices have been reported in South America.
Last date updated on July, 2014