Abortion has etymologically, in a wide sense, two nuclear denotations: 1) disruption or arrest of the progress of a process, in this case non-arrived-to-birth or born (or delivery) before (normal) birth; 2) the obliteration of a process, in this case, the death of the fetus or embryo or the act of killing it. Any disruption of growth (with or without delivery, with or without fetal death) since beginning to birth is included in this wide meaning; also, it includes the killing of the embryo or the fetus.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Last date updated on July, 2014