Proteins play an important part in the day to day activity of the organism, formation of these proteins its quality and quantity depends on the different elements such as life cycle, environment like stress, stimulus and gene expression. Thus these proteins can be used as biomarkers which indicate a particular disease. The Human Genome Project led to the finding that the protein coding genes are far less than the proteins that are found in humans. This diversity in the protein is due to alternative splicing and the post-translational modifications of the proteins. Thus the proteins are very good biomarkers for different diseases.
Last date updated on July, 2021