Thoracic surgery is any surgery performed on the realm of the body containing the lungs, heart, trachea, gorge and also the diaphragm.
The purpose of thoracic surgery is to treat pathological or disabled organs within the thorax, together with the gorge (muscular tube that passes food to the stomach), trachea (windpipe that branches to make the proper bronchial tube and also the left bronchus), pleura (membranes that cowl and defend the lung), mediastinum (area separating the left and right lungs), chest wall, diaphragm, heart, and lungs.
In order to become a thoracic surgeon, a doctor should complete graduate school and a residency generally surgery, followed by a fellowship in thoracic or cardiothoracic surgery. In some countries, cardiac surgery is a completely separate discipline with its own medical specialists, whereas within the USA, cardiac surgery is taken into account a branch of thoracic surgery. If a thoracic surgeon needs to decide on a subspecialty, a further fellowship is also needed. Board certification in thoracic surgery is additionally associate possibility, tho' it's not needed for practice.
Surgery of the lungs additionally falls under thoracic surgery. This includes procedures for carcinoma, pulmonary emphysema and muscle system disorders like hiatus hernias, reflux and muscle system cancer. Thoracic Surgery differs from a pulmonologist in this a pulmonologist diagnoses and treats disorders of the respiratory organ whereas a thoracic surgeon performs open surgery.
Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine welcome articles related to "Thoracic surgery"
Last date updated on June, 2014