Sexual disorders also known as sexual dysfunction or sexual malfunction is defined as any difficulty experienced by an individual in their sexual life. The sexual life of an individual or as a couple may include various problems in their normal sexual activity. These sexual disorders can have a profound impact on an individuals perceived quality of sexual life. These disorders can cause in a couples life a matter of extreme distress and an interpersonal strain. Therefore, an assessment of general health and a thorough sexual history including any sexual problems if any is very important. The various sexual disorders can be classified into four categories. These include sexual desire disorders, sexual arousal disorders, orgasm disorders and sexual pain disorders. The cause of sexual disorders in an individual can be multi-factorial. These disorders may arise due to emotional and or physical causes. The physical factors that lead to the sexual disorders include the use of alcohol, narcotics, drugs, etc. Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on June, 2014