What needs to be done to establish a patent market? For university-generated patents, the passage of the Law Promoting Technology Transfer from Universities to Industry has made it possible for university researchers to obtain patents and to transfer them to new companies through the university Technology Licensing Of- fice (TLO). Yet because the universities do not have patent expertise, patent advisors have had to be sent to the universities to support the TLOs in advising re- searchers and administrators on patents and patent licensing. For dormant patents held by private-sector companies, the first thing to do is to make that technology accessible to other people. Only then can we talk about licensing and effective use. The first thing to be done is to hold Patent Fairs, where would-be patent users can actually talk with the people who hold the patents. These have been held nationwide in Japan since 1997 and have been very well received. They are opportunities for patent-holders to show their technology, to attract interest from people who might be able to use the technology, and perhaps even to negotiate licensing agreements. Yet because it is impossible to hold Patent Fairs all year long, Japan also needs a system of patent advisors to bring patent holders and would-be patent users together.
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on May, 2021