Scheuermann disease is a common disorder of the adolescent that may cause spinal pain and cosmetic deformity and predispose to thoracic disc herniation and premature degenerative changes, the presence of Schmorl nodes, irregularities of the vertebral end plates, disk-space narrowing, and vertebral wedging. Scheuermann disease is rarely associated with neurological complications. The cause of Scheuermann disease is still unknown. Common symptoms noted are fatigue, pain and local tenderness. The most affected spinal regions are the mid or lower thoracic vertebrae.
Scheuermann disease causes backache and spinal curvature. It may also cause internal problems and spinal cord damage, but in very rare cases. The back curvature result in decrease in height, so more pressure is put on internal organs, due to which they will wear out more quickly than the natural aging process. So to treat such cases surgical procedures are important. Differential diagnosis of scheuermann diseases includes -skeletal dysplasia, spinal tuberculosis, ankylosing spodylitits, and congenital kyphosis. Scheuermann's disease can be treated with surgical procedures that include spinal fusion and hardware instrumentation like rods, pedicle screws, etc. surgery can only reduce pain and it cannot treat cosmetic defect.
Last date updated on January, 2021