alexa Abstract | A Prospective Study on Prescribing Pattern and Utilization of Anti-Hypertensive Drugs in A Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital


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Abstract

Hypertension is the increasing, leading health problem in both developing and developed countries and has been the major concern of morbidity and mortality. The choice of the drug is the important factor in accessing the effectiveness of the therapy. Drug utilizing pattern is the tool to analyse the rationality in the therapy. Aim: Our present study aims in accessing the prescribing pattern and utilization of antihypertensive drugs. Materials & method: A prospective observational study was conducted for a period of 3 months from March 2015 to May 2015 in Medicine department of Viswabarathi Hospital, Kurnool, AP. Results: A total of 125 prescriptions were analysed. 60 (48%) were male patients and 65(52%) were female. Maximum hypertensives were seen in the age group of 50-59 in males and 60-69 in females and the least were seen in the age group of 30-39 and 20-29 respectively. Our result has shown that there was increased usage of calcium channel blockers (46.4%), diuretics (41.6%), and angiotensin receptor blockers 39.2% followed by beta blockers 17.6%. Conclusion: The present study showed that calcium channel blockers are the most prescribed ones in hypertension. Also it was found that combinational therapy is frequently prescribed rather than mono therapy.

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Author(s): G. Bathula, S. Tippaluru, R. K. Palagiri

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