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Research Article Open Access
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition of the airways, affecting millions of people worldwide. The common features of asthma are recurrent episodes of wheezing, breathlessness and chest tightness, associated with widespread narrowing of the airways. Increasing the knowledge of asthma, proper use of drugs and education of patients are the corner stone of the management of asthma. Patient education and counseling will lead to an increased patient confidence in the ability to self-manage of asthma, reduce hospitalization, increase adherence and improve quality of life. The study was carried out to assess the impact of patient counseling on the improvement in quality of life of asthmatic patients. A prospective interventional randomized study carried out for a period of 7 months from August 2012 to March 2013. The patients with asthma who met the study criteria were randomized into test (received counseling along with information leaflet)and control (received the counseling only at the end of the study) groups using chit method. The quality of life of the patients was assessed by using St. George’s respiratory questionnaire at the baseline and at final follow up. A total of 73 patients (40 patients in test group and 33 patients in control group) completed the study. A significant differences in SGRQ score was found between the two groups (p<0.0001) on the last follow up but not at the baseline (p>0.05). Both test (>12) and control (>4) group showed clinical improvement in total SGRQ score. Pharmacist education and counseling has led to clinically and statistically significant improvement in the quality of life of asthmatic patients as compared with the control groups.
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Author(s): Javedh Shareef, Sajitha M S, C. S. Shastry
Patient counseling, quality of life, St. georgeâs respiratory questionnaire asthma, pharmacist, Bronchial Asthma