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Research Article Open Access
In the late 20th century, several approaches to the environmental design had appeared that address some important issues, such as issues related to climatic change, disruption of the ecological balance, human health and comfort issues, pollution, and depletion of natural resources. Although these approaches have different priorities, they are similar in a lot of principles, which cause some sort of confusion and dispersion to the architects, as well as a lot of architectural students. Another design approach also appeared which calls for merging of ICT as a key factor in the operation and management of the building, and contributing to the achievement of the objectives of the previous approaches. The paper aims to find the collective approach to an integrated architectural design, which can be applied in the design studio to accommodate all principles and objectives in all approaches. To achieve the main goal of the study, two methodologies were pursued: The first is the theoretical analytical approach to all different environmental design approaches to find out the similarities and differences between them, and then building up an integrated collective approach. The second methodology is the applied one, which discusses how to teach this integrated approach cumulatively in the curriculum applying it in design Studio.