alexa Abstract | Optimization of Alkali Activated Grog/Ceramic Wastes Geopolymer Bricks
ISSN ONLINE(2319-8753)PRINT(2347-6710)

International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article Open Access


In recent years there has been a great deal of interest and support worldwide in using construction and demolition waste as ceramic as well as clay brick wastes (grog) for production of aggregate material which can then be reused for road base courses or construction backfill materials, and other engineering applications. However, they can also be employed as supplementary cementitious materials or even as raw material for alkali-activated binder for producing more valuable binders that can be applied in various building applications. Geopolymer bricks prepared by partial binder substitution of ceramic by clay brick wastes in the ratio from 0 up to 100 %, while the used fine sand was in the ratio of 15% from the total weight, also sodium hydroxide activator was used in the ratio of 8% of the total eight. The properties of the produced geopolymer bricks have been studied through measurement of compressive strength, water absorption, FTIR, XRD and SEM imaging. Results demonstrate the possibility of using alkali activated ceramic and grog materials in producing heavy duty building with compressive strength values more than 35 MPa up to 20% grog increase, however further increase results in lowering strength values as a result of increase of crystalline content and sufficiency of the used activator to dissolve all the crystalline fractures.

To read the full article Peer-reviewed Article PDF image

Author(s): H. M. Khater, Abdeen M. El Nagar, M. Ezzat



Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version