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Special Issue Article Open Access
Utilization of renewable energy resources (RER's) like photo-voltaic generators, is one of the possible solution for present scenario of energy crisis. Most of the study suggest the implementation of PV power stations at distribution level. In this paper detailed theoretical analyses of the impact of large scale PV on transmission level is analysed. A controller is implemented to find the maximum penetration of solar photo voltaic (SPV) energy. Two methodology i.e. constant load method and maximum loading method is implemented here. A test study is done in IEEE 14 bus to find out the optimal location of SPV Generators and to find the maximum safe instantaneous penetration at transmission and distribution level for both method using particle swarm optimization(PSO). Maximum penetration is achieved by adjusting grid parameters subjected to various power system stability and security constraints. Finally it can be concluded that PSO based optimal control of large scale PV penetration allows us to utilize SPV power efficiently.