Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent epileptic seizures. They happen because of sudden, abnormal electrical activity in the brain, there are many types of seizures and some have mild symptoms. Seizures are divided into two main groups: focal seizures that happen in just one part of the brain and generalized that are a result of abnormal activity on both sides of the brain. Epilepsy has many possible causes, including illness, brain injury, and abnormal brain development, but sometimes the cause is unknown.
The epilepsy syndrome and localization influence the presentation of sexual dysfunction. Studies report higher percentages of sexual dysfunction in persons with temporal lobe epilepsy compared to primary generalized epilepsy. Not only epilepsy but also Antiepileptic Drugs (AEDs) affect hormones and neuroendocrine systems. So etiology of such dysfunctions in patients with epilepsy is multifactorial including: disease by itself, epileptic seizures, drug therapy, life style and psychological problems in addition to the physiologic effects of epileptic discharges in brain regions mediating sexual behavior. people with epilepsy, anxiety, depression and social stigmate are to be kept in mind as they strengthen the illness limiting the quality of life of these patients. Antiepileptic Drugs, Sexual Functions and Serum Hormonal Profile in Males with Epilepsy: Lidia Urso, Leila Zummo, Matilde Gammino, Brigida Fierro, Carlo Pavone and Ornella Daniele.
Last date updated on April, 2021