The technique in which pressure is applied to the neck which results in dislocation of the spinal column from brain/skull. It is a very painless and quick procedure. This technique has some limitations also, as this technique can only be performed on animals. Some universities have accepted this technique as an ethical way to end the life of small organism loke rats, squirrels, mice.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on January, 2021