The vertebrate which is located in between the pelvis and rib cage is called lumbar spine. It is specified as the longest segment of the column. The special feature of this lumbar spine is that it lacks foramen transversarium. These have been named as L1 to L5. The main function of these vertebrae is to provide movement to the body and support the weight. Cervical spine is present just inferior to the skull. It is the smallest vertebrae in human body.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals. Open Access rises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on July, 2014